This theory-based measurement approach, which is clearly lacking in the analysis of OCP items , is intended to contribute to the advancement of occupational health research involving multilevel, population-based investigations that consider the meaningful facets of the organizational context in which stress occurs.
The Organizational Culture Profile (OCP) proposed by O’Reilly et al.
We then test the construct validity of the 26-item OCP questionnaire instrument with a sample of 1,164 employees nested in 30 workplaces.
Next, we test associations between the dimensions of the OCP survey instrument and employee psychological distress, depression, emotional exhaustion and well-being.
By doing so, we hope to a) provide multi-level evidence of the associations between organizational culture and these outcomes of interest and b) offer some guidance to those researchers who wish to include organizational culture in their models and thereby capture some aspects of group dynamics  might offer a valuable theoretical backdrop for assessing the construct validity of this measure.Only a few studies have analyzed these properties  and most of these were conducted in a single industrial sector with small samples of workplaces.Moreover, the approach has so far been inductive rather than theory-based.This study will therefore seek to advance a measurement approach that is not only feasible, but also most relevant to occupational stress research.We will therefore seek to determine which culture types are most strongly related to employee mental health and well-being.Although this scale was initially developed to assess person-organization fit , it holds much promise for population-based research seeking to model the effects of organizational culture on group- or individual-level phenomena.Nonetheless, possibly because of its initial focus, little is known about the aggregate-level properties of this measure.(1991) is one of the most widely cited survey instruments in the organizational culture literature.At the time of writing these lines, their published paper was cited 2,431 times (Google Scholar).Although this work design perspective has helped qualify a number of risk factors or stressors that may cause psychological strain and ill-health, it does not account for the broader organizational context in which work is performed.For occupational health research to progress, researchers can no longer ignore contextual factors nor the functions of organizational culture in the stress process .