The walls are often painted with bright images of masked men, stars, and geometric motifs, which may have been connected to religious beliefs.
Many of the villages built during the Early Bronze Age (3200-1950 BC) included simple water infrastructures, as well as defensive fortifications probably designed to protect against raids by neighboring nomadic tribes.
One of the major populations were the Nabateans, while Jews settled the area of Jordan Valley, within the domain of Roman Judea.
This watershed climate change is believed to have occurred between 65 BC.
The walls of its houses were made of sun-dried mud bricks; its roofs of wood, reeds and mud.
Some had stone foundations, and many had large central courtyards.
The area was settled by nomadic tribes in the Bronze Age, which consolidated in small kingdoms during the Iron Age - such as the Edomites and Ammonites, with partial areas controlled by the Israelites.
In the classic period, Transjordan came under Greek and later Roman influence.