They include: North Bakersfield, Northeast, Southeast, South Bakersfield, Southwest, and Northwest.
East Bakersfield generally refers to the former town of Sumner (later renamed East Bakersfield).
Bakersfield lies around 100 miles (160 km) north of Los Angeles (about a 1½-hour drive on I-5 and State Route 99) and about 300 mi (480 km) southeast of the state capital, Sacramento (about a 4½-hour drive on State Route 99).
Bakersfield has historically referred to its regions by directional names.
Wanting to fire him but fearing reprisals, they came up with a scheme to disincorporate, effectively leaving him without an employer.
According to local historian Gilbert Gia By 1880, the town had a population of 801, and by 1890, it had a population of 2,626.
In 1851, gold was discovered along the Kern River in the southern Sierra Nevada, and in 1865, oil was discovered in the valley.
In 1776, Spanish missionary Father Francisco Garcés became the first European to explore the area.Bakersfield was spared, experiencing minor architectural damage without loss of life.A large aftershock occurred on July 29, and did minor architectural damage, but raised fears that the flow of the Friant-Kern Canal could be dangerously altered, potentially flooding the city and surrounding areas.The city limits extend to the Sequoia National Forest, at the foot of the Greenhorn Mountain Range and at the entrance to the Kern Canyon.To the south, the Tehachapi Mountains, rising more than a vertical mile, feature the historic Tejon Ranch.Owing to the remoteness and inaccessibility of the region, however, the Yokuts remained largely isolated until after the Mexican War of Independence, when Mexican settlers began to migrate to the area.Following the discovery of gold in California in 1848, settlers flooded into the San Joaquin Valley.Between 19, Bakersfield grew 400% (from 70,000 to 347,483), Bakersfield's close proximity to mountain passes, primarily the Tejon Pass on Interstate 5 between the Los Angeles metropolis and the central San Joaquin Valley, has made the city a regional transportation hub. In 2010, the Bakersfield MSA had a gross metropolitan product of .466 billion, making it the 73rd largest metropolitan economy in the United States.Bakersfield lies near the southern "horseshoe" end of the San Joaquin Valley, with the southern tip of the Sierra Nevada just to the east.Rainfall is low in the city, however, averaging only 6.5 inches or 165 millimetres annually, mostly falling during winter and spring.Summers are very hot and there are extended stretches of hot weather with 108 days per year above 90 °F or 32.2 °C (on average between April 19 and October 12); Winters feature mild daytime temperatures, although frost can occasionally occur, often coming with dense tule fog and low visibility, causing many schools to have fog delays as long as three hours.